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艾滋病词汇表

 
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English/Chinese - Chinese/English AIDS Glossary 
英中/中英艾滋病词汇表中国艾滋病综览
China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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English/Chinese AIDS Glossary 英中艾滋病词汇表 
针灸 zhēn jiū acute HIV infection HIV 
急性期感染 HIV jí xìng qī gǎn rǎn acute/ serious/ enormous
严重 yán zhòng adult AIDS clinical trials group (AACTG) 
成人艾滋病临床研究协作组 chéng rén ài zī bìng lín chuáng yán jīu zǔ afflicted Asian HIV sufferers 
染病的亚洲人 rǎn bìng de yà zhōu rén AIDS
艾滋病 ài zī bìng AIDS activist 艾滋病宣傳員 ài zī bìng xuān chuán yuán AIDS drug assistance program (ADAP) 艾滋病药物协助计划 ài zī bìng yào wù xié zhù jì huà AIDS education and training centers (AETC) 艾滋病教育培训中心 ài zī bìng jiaò yù péi xùn zhōng xīn AIDS service organization (ASO) 艾滋病服务组织 ài zī bìng fú wù zǔ zhī AIDS village(s) 愛滋村 ài zī cūn AIDS wasting syndrome 艾滋消瘦症候群 ài zī xiāo shòu zhèng hòu qún AIDS Worker 艾滋病工作者 ài zī bìng gōng zuò zhě AIDSDRUGS 艾滋病药物数据库 ài zī bìng yào wù shù jù kù AIDS-infected patient 艾滋病感染者 ài zī bìng gǎn rǎn zhě AIDSLINE 艾滋病文献资料库 ài zī bìng wén xiàn zī liào kù AIDS-related cancers 艾滋病相关癌症 ài zī bìng xiāng guān ái zhèng AIDS-related complex (ARC) 艾滋病相关症群期 ài zī bìng xiāng guān zhèng hòu qún alternative medicine 替代医学 tì dài yī xué an underestimate 低估数据 dī gū shù jù antibiotic 抗生素 kàng shēng sù antibody 抗体 kàng tǐ antibody-mediated immunity 抗体媒介免疫 kàng tǐ méi jìe miǎn yì antigen presentation 抗原呈递 kàng yuán chéng dì autoimmunization 自身免疫作用 zì shēn miǎn yì zuò yòng B cell lymphoma B 细胞淋巴瘤 bì xì bāo lín bā líu bacterium 细菌 xì jūn be attributable to 可归咎于 kě guī jiù yú benefits and the costs of modernity 現代化的利弊得失 xiàn daì huà de lì bì dé shī beyond reach of officials 管不著 guǎn bù zháo © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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English/Chinese AIDS Glossary 英中艾滋病词汇表 3billboard 平面广告 píng miàn guǎng gaò blinded study 参加者不知情的研究 cān jiā zhě bù zhī qíng de yán jīu blood Collection Center 输血中心 shū xuè zhōng xīn blood donors 输血人 shū xuè rén blood transfusions 输血 shū xuè blood-borne diseases 血液传染病 xuè yè chuán rǎn bìng blood heads 血头 xuè toú bone marrow suppression 骨髓抑制 gǔ suí yì zhì breakneck economic development 惊险的经济发展 jīng xiǎn de jīng jì fā zhǎn casual and premarital sex 乱交与婚前性关系 luàn jiāo yǔ hūn qián xìng guān xī CDC ( US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) 美国疾病控制预防中心 měi guó jī bìng kòng zhì yù fáng zhōng xīn cesarean 剖腹产 pāo fù chǎn Chinese aged between 15 and 49 …岁之间的中国人 … suì zhī jiān de zhōng guó rén Chinese officials 中国政界 zhōng guó zhèng jiè Chlamydia 衣原体yī yuán tǐ clinical latency 临床潜伏期lín chuáng qiǎn fú qī clinical trial 临床实验lín chuáng shí yàn commercial sex work 性工作者xìng gōng zuò zhě community planning 社区规划shè qū guī huà complementary therapy 辅助疗法fǔ zhù liáo fǎ complete blood count (CBC) 全血球计数quán xuè qíu jì shù concomitant drugs 伴随药物bàn suí yào wù conservative projections 保守估計bǎo shǒu gū jì consumerism 消费者至上主义、物质至上主义xiāo feì zhě zhì shàng zhǔ yì, wù zhì zhì shàng zhǔ yì contract/infect 感染gǎn rǎn diagnosis 诊断zhěn duàn diarrhea 腹泻fù xiè DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) 脱氧核糖核酸tuō yǎng hé táng hé suān double-blind study 双盲研究shuāng máng yán jiū downplay the epidemic 对疫情不予重视duì yì qíng bù yù zhòng shì drug resistance 药物抗性yào wù kàng xìng drug takers 吸毒者xī dú zhě © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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English/Chinese AIDS Glossary 英中艾滋病词汇表 4encephalitis 脑炎nǎo yán endemic 地方病dì fāng bìng end-stage disease 晚期wǎn qī enormous implications 影响很大yǐng xiǎng hěn dà epidemic 流行病líu xíng bìng epidemiologist 流行病学家liú xíng bìng xué jiā epidemiology 流行病学líu xíng bìng xué exacerbate 使恶化shǐ è huà explosive level 爆炸性的水平bào zhà xìng shuǐ píng fatalities 死亡率sǐ wáng lǜ gamma globulin 丙种球蛋白bǐng zhǒng qíu dàn bái gene [遗传]基因 jī yīn genital warts 生殖道尖锐湿疣shēng zhí dào jiān ruì shī yóu genome 基因组,染色体组 jī yīn zǔ, rǎn sè tǐ zǔ get out of hand 失控shī kòng global coverage 全球涵盖范围quán qiú hán gaì fàn wéi gonorrhea 淋病lín bìng growing income disparities 收入差距越來越大shōu rù chà jù yuè laí yuè dà has been hit the hardest ~ 的问题最为严重 de wèn tí zuì wéi yán zhònghealth official 卫生官员weì shēng guān yuán` heterosexual population 异性恋者 yì xìng liàn zhě hemophilia(c) 血友病 (人)xuè yǒu bìng (rén) hepatitis 肝炎gān yán hepatitis c/co-infection with HIV 艾滋病毒和肝炎病毒重叠感染ài zī bìng dú hé gān yán bìng dú chóng díe gǎn rǎn herpes 疱疹pào zhěn herpes viruses 疱疹病毒pào zhěn bìng dú heterosexual 异性恋的yì xìng liàn de highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) 高效抗逆转录病毒疗法gāo xiào kàng nì zhuǎn lù bìng dú liáo fǎ high-risk populations 高危险群gāo weī xiǎn qún HIV 艾滋病毒ài zī bìng dú HIV carriers 艾滋病毒带原者ài zī bìng dú daì yuán zhě HIV cases 艾滋病毒案例ài zī bìng dú àn lì HIV disease 艾滋病,后天免疫缺乏症候群ài zī bìng, hòu tiān miǎn yì qūe fá zhèng hòu qún HIV patients 艾滋病携带者ài zī bìng xié daì zhě HIV positive HIV 阳性 HIV yáng xìng © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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English/Chinese AIDS Glossary 英中艾滋病词汇表 5HIV strains/ strains of HIV HIV 菌种 HIV jūn zhǒng HIV sufferers 艾滋病患者ài zī bìng huàn zhě HIV/AIDS villages 愛滋村ài zī cūn HIV-1 人类免疫缺陷病毒Ⅰ型rén leì mǐan yì quē xiàn bìng dú yī xíng HIV-2 人类免疫缺陷病毒II 型 rén leì mǐan yì quē xiàn bìng dú èr xíng hole up in the body 在体内潜伏zaì tǐ neì qiǎn fú homosexual intercourse 同性恋性交tóng xìng liàn xìng jiāo horizontal transmission 水平传播shuǐ píng chuán bō human papilloma virus (HPV) 人乳头状瘤病毒rén rǔ tóu zhuàng líu bìng dú immune deficiency 免疫缺陷miǎn yì qūe xìan immune response 免疫反应miǎn yì fǎn yìng immune system 免疫系统miǎn yì xì tǒng immunization 免疫作用miǎn yì zuò yòng immunodeficiency 免疫缺乏miǎn yì qūe fá immunotherapy 免疫疗法miǎn yì liáo fǎ in prime time 黄金時段huáng jīn shí duàn in their most sexually active stages of life 性能力最活跃的年纪xìng néng lì zuì huó yuè de nián jì incidence 发生频率出现的范围、程度或频率fā shēng pín lǜ chū xiàn de fàn weí chéng dù huò pín lǜincubation period 潜伏期qiǎn fú qī infected with HIV 染上愛滋病毒rǎn shàng ài zī bìng dú infection 感染gǎn rǎn infectious 有传染性的yǒu chuán rǎn xìng de informed consent 知情同意zhī qíng tóng yì inoculation 接种jīe zhǒng integrase inhibitors 抑制剂yì zhì jì intravenous (IV) 静脉内的; 静脉注射物 jìng mài nèi de; jìng mài zhù shè wù intravenous (IV) drug 静脉注射药物jìng maì zhù shè yaò wù intravenous injection 静脉注射jìng maì zhù shè IV users constitute the largest proportion of HIV cases in China 静脉注射使用者是中国艾滋病主要人口jìng maì zhù shè shǐ yòng zhě shì zhōng guó ài zī bìng zhǔ yaò rén koǔ jaundice 黄疸huáng dǎn john 嫖客piǎo kè junkie 有毒瘾者yǒu dú yǐn zhě Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) 卡波氏肉瘤kǎ bō shì ròu liú © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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English/Chinese AIDS Glossary 英中艾滋病词汇表 6labor mobility 劳动力流动láo dòng lì liú dòng latency 潜伏期qiǎn fú qī lesion 机能障碍jī néng zhàng ài leukocytes 白血球bái xuè qiú lymph 淋巴lín bā lymph nodes 淋巴结lín bā jié male heirs 男性继承人nán xìng jì chéng rén integrase inhibitors 抑制剂yì zhì jì intravenous (IV) 静脉内的; 静脉注射物 jìng mài nèi de; jìng mài zhù shè wù IV users constitute the largest proportion of HIV cases in China 静脉注射使用者是中国艾滋病主要人口 jìng maì zhù shè shǐ yòng zhě shì zhōng guó ài zī bìng zhǔ yaò rén koǔ jaundice 黄疸 huáng dǎn john 嫖客 piǎo kè junkie 有毒瘾者 yǒu dú yǐn zhě Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) 卡波氏肉瘤 kǎ bō shì ròu liú labor mobility 劳动力流动 láo dòng lì liú dòng latency 潜伏期 qiǎn fú qī lesion 机能障碍 jī néng zhàng ài leukocytes 白血球 bái xuè qiú lymph 淋巴 lín bā lymph nodes 淋巴结 lín bā jié male heirs 男性继承人 nán xìng jì chéng rén IV users constitute the largest proportion of HIV cases in China 静脉注射使用者是中国艾滋病主要人口 jìng maì zhù shè shǐ yòng zhě shì zhōng guó ài zī bìng zhǔ yaò rén koǔ jaundice 黄疸 huáng dǎn john 嫖客 piǎo kè junkie 有毒瘾者 yǒu dú yǐn zhě Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) 卡波氏肉瘤 kǎ bō shì ròu liú labor mobility 劳动力流动 láo dòng lì liú dòng latency 潜伏期 qiǎn fú qī lesion 机能障碍 jī néng zhàng ài leukocytes 白血球 bái xuè qiú lymph 淋巴 lín bā lymph nodes 淋巴结 lín bā jié male heirs 男性继承人 nán xìng jì chéng rén makeup of Chinese society 中国社会的组成zhōng guó shè huì de zǔ chéng © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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English/Chinese AIDS Glossary 英中艾滋病词汇表 7Maoist Era 毛泽东时代máo zé dōng shí daì mechanisms for transmission 传染途径chuán rǎn tú jìng meningitis 脑膜炎nǎo mó yán metabolism 新陈代谢xīn chén dài xiè milliliter (ml) 毫升háo shēng mine exploration 开矿kaī kuàng natural ratio of males to females born each year 男女婴每年出生自然比率nán nǚ yīng měi nián chū shēng zì rán bǐ lǜ night sweats 盗汗dào hàn non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) 非何杰金淋巴瘤fēi hé jié jīn lín bā liú officialdom 官场; 官僚作风 guān chǎng; guān liáo zuò fēng off-label use 药品核准标示外使用yào pǐn hé zhǔn biāo shì wài shǐ yòng on the brink of disasters 灾难的边缘zaī nàn de biān yuán on World AIDS Day 在世界艾滋病日zaì shì jiè ài zī bìng rì opportunistic infections 机会性感染jī huì xìng gǎn rǎn pandemic 全国或全世界流行的(疾病) quán guó huò quán shì jiè liú xíng de (jī bìng) passive immunity 被动免疫bèi dòng miǎn yì pediatric AIDS clinical trials group (PACTG) 儿科艾滋病临床试验联盟ér kē aì zī bìng lín chuáng shì yàn lián méng perinatal transmission 围产期传播wéi chǎn qī chuán bō pervasive social problem 普遍的社会问题pǔ biàn de shè huì wèn tí phase I trials 第一阶段人体试验dì yī jiē duàn rén tǐ shì yàn pimp 皮条客pí tiáo kè placebo 无效对照剂wú xiào duì zhào jì plasma 血浆xuè jiāng platelets 血小板xuè xiǎo bǎn pool 血库xuè kù populous 人口多/稠密的 rén kǒu duō / chóu mì de position paper 意见论文yì jiàn lùn wén preconception counseling 孕前咨询yùn qián zī xún premarital sex 婚前性行为hūn qián xìng xíng weí preventive education 预防教育yù fáng jiaò yù Press/media/mass media 传媒chuán meí primary HIV infection 艾滋病毒急性感染aì zī bìng dú jí xìng gǎn rǎnproblem will certainly get much worse before its gets 问题只会越来越严重wèn tí zhǐ huì yuè laí yuè yán zhòng © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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English/Chinese AIDS Glossary 英中艾滋病词汇表 8any better problem is already particularly acute 问题已经很严重了wèn tí yǐ jīng hěn yán zhòng le promiscuity 乱交,性乱行为luàn jiāo, xìng lùan xíng wéi promotion of condom use 推广保险套使用tuī guǎng bǎo xiǎn tào shǐ yòng protease 蛋白酶dàn bái méi protease inhibitors 蛋白分解抑制剂dàn bái fēn jiě yì zhì jì psychiatric disorders 精神病jīng shén bìng public education 大众宣传dà zhòng xuān chuán public health care 公共保健gōng gòng bǎo jiàn quick AIDS tests 艾滋病快速诊断试剂aì zī bìng kuài sù zhěn duàn shì jì randomized trial 随机比对临床试验suí jī bǐ duì lín chuáng shì yàn reform and opening 改革开放gǎi gé kāi fàng resurgent 复苏的fù sū de resurgent sex industry 重新复活的性产业chóng xīn fù huó de xìng chǎn yè retrovirus 逆转录酶病毒nì zhuǎn lù méi bìng dú reuse of needles and syringes 再用针头与注射筒zaì yòng zhēn tóu yǔ zhù shè tǒng routes of infection 传染途径chuán rǎn tú jìng salmonella 沙门氏菌shā mén shì jūn self-employed entrepreneurs 个体户gè tǐ hù sensational/ frightening 耸人听闻cǒng rén tīng wén serologic test 血清测试xuè qīng cè shì serum 血清xuè qīng sexual intercourse 性交xìng jiāo sexually transmitted disease (STD) 性传染病xìng chuán rǎn bìng side effects 副作用fù zuò yòng sharing of needles 合用针头hé yòng zhēn tóu social ills 社会问题shè huì wèn tí social mores 风俗习惯xí sú xí guàn socioeconomic transformation 社会经济转变shè huì jīng jì zhuǎn biàn spread path 传染方式/ 流行方式 chuán rǎn fāng shì / liú xíng fāng shì stands in entire contrast to 与先前官方数据完全相反yǔ xiān qián guān fāng shù © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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English/Chinese AIDS Glossary 英中艾滋病词汇表 9previous official statistics jù wán quán xiāng fǎn status symbol 地位的象征dì weì de xiàng zhēng stigma and discrimination 丑化与歧视chǒu huà yǔ qí shì subclinical infection 亚临床感染yà lín chuáng gǎn rǎn syndrome 症候群zhèng hòu qún syphilis 梅毒méi dú syringe 皮下注射器pí xià zhù shè qì T cells T 淋巴细胞 tì lín bā xì bāo T4 cell T 辅助细胞 tì fǔ zhù xì bāo tainted blood 受感染的血液shòu gǎn rǎn de xuè yè tentative 试验性质的,暂时的shì yàn xìng zhì de / zàn shí de thrush 鹅口疮é kǒu chuāng time bomb 定时炸弹dìng shí zhà dàn titanic peril 巨大的危险jù dà de wēi xiǎn to be on the rise 日趋严重rì qū yán zhòng to breast-feed 以母乳喂哺yǐ mǔ rǔ weì bǔ to carry HIV 感染HIV 病毒 gǎn rǎn HIV bìng dú to contain the epidemic 防治此传染病fáng zhì cǐ chuán rǎn bìng to contain the epidemic 抑制其蔓延yì zhì qí màn yán to exhort 告诫gào jiè to mask a person's identity 隐瞒真实身份yǐn mán zhēn shí shēn fèn to praise 赞赏zàn shǎng to stand in stark contrast to 大相径庭 dà xiāng jìng tíng to stem the spread of (HIV/AIDS) 遏止其扩散è zhǐ qí kuò sàn to suffer from/ to be infected with/ to be afflicted with/ contract (the virus/AIDS) 患上/染上 huàn shàng / rǎn shàng to turn to drugs 求助于毒品qiú zhù yú dú pǐn tonic(s) 补药,滋补品bǔ yào / zī bǔ pǐn traffickers 贩毒者fàn dú zhě transfusion 输血shū xuè transient population, vagrant population 流动人口liú dòng rén koǔ transmission 传染/传播 chuán rǎn / chuán bō tuberculin skin test (TST) 结核菌素皮下测试jié hé jūn sù pí xià cè shì tuberculosis (TB) 肺结核fèi jié hé U.N. AIDS program, the 联合国艾滋病计划lián hé guó aì zī bìng jì huà © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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English/Chinese AIDS Glossary 英中艾滋病词汇表 10underage prostitute 雏妓chú jì United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS 联合国艾滋病特别大会lián hé guó aì zī bìng tè bié dà huì unprotected sex 无预防措施之性交wú yù fáng cuò shī zhī xìng jiāo unsafe blood collection system 不安全的集血系统bù ān quán de jí xuè xì tǒngvaccination 接种疫苗jiē zhòng yì miáo vaccine 疫苗 yì miáo vertical transmission 垂直传播 chuí zhí chuán bō viewing rate/ rating 收视率 shōu shì lǜ viral burden 血液中所含的病毒數量 xuè yè zhōng suǒ hán de bìng dú shù liàng viral load test 病毒讀數实验 bìng dú dú shù shí yàn virology 病毒学 bìng dú xué world's most heavily HIV- infected nations 全球艾滋病感染最严重的国家 quán qiú aì zī bìng gǎn rǎn zuì yán zhòng de guó jiā white blood cells 白血球bái xuè qiú yeast infection 酵母菌感染xiào mǔ jūn gǎn rǎn © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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Chinese/English AIDS Glossary 中英艾滋病词汇表 11Chinese Pinyin English …岁之间的中国人 … suì zhī jiān de zhōng guó rén Chinese aged between 15 and 49 艾滋病 ài zī bìng AIDS 艾滋病毒ài zī bìng dú HIV 艾滋病毒案例ài zī bìng dú àn lì HIV cases 艾滋病毒带原者ài zī bìng dú daì yuán zhě HIV carriers 艾滋病毒和肝炎病毒重叠感染ài zī bìng dú hé gān yán bìng dú chóng díe gǎn rǎn hepatitis c/co-infection with HIV 艾滋病毒急性感染aì zī bìng dú jí xìng gǎn rǎn primary HIV infection 艾滋病服务组织 ài zī bìng fú wù zǔ zhī AIDS service organization (ASO) 艾滋病感染者 ài zī bìng gǎn rǎn zhě AIDS-infected patient 艾滋病工作者 ài zī bìng gōng zuò zhě AIDS Worker 艾滋病患者ài zī bìng huàn zhě HIV sufferers 艾滋病教育培训中心 ài zī bìng jiaò yù péi xùn zhōng xīn AIDS education and training centers (AETC) 艾滋病快速诊断试剂aì zī bìng kuài sù zhěn duàn shì jì quick AIDS tests 艾滋病文献资料库 ài zī bìng wén xiàn zī liào kù AIDS hotline 艾滋病相关癌症 ài zī bìng xiāng guān ái zhèng AIDS-related cancers 艾滋病相关症群期 ài zī bìng xiāng guān zhèng hòu qún AIDS-related complex (ARC) 艾滋病携带者ài zī bìng xié daì zhě HIV patients 艾滋病宣傳員 ài zī bìng xuān chuán yuánAIDS activist 艾滋病药物数据库 ài zī bìng yào wù shù jù kù AIDSDRUGS 艾滋病药物协助计划 ài zī bìng yào wù xié zhù jì huà AIDS drug assistance program (ADAP) 艾滋病,后天免疫缺乏症候群ài zī bìng, hòu tiān miǎn yì qūe fá zhèng hòu qún HIV disease 艾滋村 ài zī cūn AIDS village(s) 艾滋村ài zī cūn HIV/AIDS villages 艾滋消瘦症候群 ài zī xiāo shòu zhèng hòu qún AIDS wasting syndrome 白血球bái xuè qiú leukocytes 白血球bái xuè qiú white blood cells 伴随药物bàn suí yào wù concomitant drugs 保守估計bǎo shǒu gū jì conservative projections © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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Chinese/English AIDS Glossary 中英艾滋病词汇表 12爆炸性的水平bào zhà xìng shuǐ píng explosive level 被动免疫bèi dòng miǎn yì passive immunity B 细胞淋巴瘤 bì xì bāo lín bā líu B cell lymphoma 病毒讀數实验 bìng dú dú shù shí yàn viral load test 病毒学 bìng dú xué virology 丙种球蛋白bǐng zhǒng qíu dàn bái gamma globulin 不安全的集血系统bù ān quán de jí xuè xì tǒng unsafe blood collection system补药,滋补品bǔ yào / zī bǔ pǐn tonic(s) 参加者不知情的研究 cān jiā zhě bù zhī qíng de yán jīu blinded study 成人艾滋病临床研究协作组 chéng rén ài zī bìng lín chuáng yán jīu zǔ adult AIDS clinical trials group (AACTG) 重新复活的性产业chóng xīn fù huó de xìng chǎn yè resurgent sex industry 丑化与歧视chǒu huà yǔ qí shì stigma and discrimination 雏妓chú jì underage prostitute 传媒chuán meí press/media/mass media 传染/传播 chuán rǎn / chuán bō transmission 传染方式/ 流行方式 chuán rǎn fāng shì / liú xíng fāng shì spread path 传染途径chuán rǎn tú jìng mechanisms for transmission 传染途径chuán rǎn tú jìng routes of infection 垂直传播 chuí zhí chuán bō vertical transmission 耸人听闻cǒng rén tīng wén sensational/ frightening 大相径庭dà xiāng jìng tíng to stand in stark contrast to 大众宣传dà zhòng xuān chuán public education 蛋白分解抑制剂dàn bái fēn jiě yì zhì jì protease inhibitors 蛋白酶dàn bái méi protease 盗汗dào hàn night sweats ~ 的问题最为严重 de wèn tí zuì wéi yán zhòng has been hit the hardest 地方病dì fāng bìng endemic 低估数据 dī gū shù jù an underestimate 地位的象征dì weì de xiàng zhēng status symbol 第一阶段人体试验dì yī jiē duàn rén tǐ shì yànphase I trials 定时炸弹dìng shí zhà dàn time bomb 对疫情不予重视duì yì qíng bù yù zhòng shì downplay the epidemic 鹅口疮é kǒu chuāng thrush 遏止其扩散è zhǐ qí kuò sàn to stem the spread of © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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Chinese/English AIDS Glossary 中英艾滋病词汇表 13(HIV/AIDS) 儿科艾滋病临床试验联盟ér kē aì zī bìng lín chuáng shì yàn lián méng pediatric AIDS clinical trials group (PACTG) 发生频率出现的范围、程度或频率fā shēng pín lǜ chū xiàn de fàn weí chéng dù huò pín lǜ incidence 贩毒者fàn dú zhě traffickers 防治此传染病fáng zhì cǐ chuán rǎn bìng to contain the epidemic 非何杰金淋巴瘤fēi hé jié jīn lín bā liú non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) 肺结核fèi jié hé tuberculosis (TB) 复苏的fù sū de resurgent 腹泻fù xiè diarrhea 辅助疗法fǔ zhù liáo fǎ complementary therapy 副作用fù zuò yòng side effects 改革开放gǎi gé kāi fàng reform and opening 感染gǎn rǎn contract/infect 感染gǎn rǎn infection 感染HIV 病毒 gǎn rǎn HIV bìng dú to carry HIV 肝炎gān yán hepatitis 告诫gào jiè to exhort 高危险群gāo weī xiǎn qún high-risk populations 高效抗逆转录病毒疗法gāo xiào kàng nì zhuǎn lù bìng dú liáo fǎ highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) 个体户gè tǐ hù self-employed entrepreneurs 公共保健gōng gòng bǎo jiàn public health care 骨髓抑制 gǔ suí yì zhì bone marrow suppression 管不著 guǎn bù zháo beyond the reach of officialdom 官场; 官僚作风 guān chǎng; guān liáo zuò fēng officialdom 毫升háo shēng milliliter (ml) 合用针头hé yòng zhēn tóu sharing of needles HIV 急性期感染 HIV jí xìng qī gǎn rǎn acute HIV infection HIV 菌种 HIV jūn zhǒng HIV strains/ strains of HIV HIV 阳性 HIV yáng xìng HIV positive 患上/染上 huàn shàng / rǎn shàng to suffer from/ to be infected with/ to be afflicted with/ contract (the virus/AIDS) 黄疸huáng dǎn jaundice 黄金時段huáng jīn shí duàn in prime time © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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Chinese/English AIDS Glossary 中英艾滋病词汇表 14婚前性行为hūn qián xìng xíng weí premarital sex 机会性感染jī huì xìng gǎn rǎn opportunistic infections 机能障碍jī néng zhàng ài lesion [遗传]基因 jī yīn gene 基因组,染色体组 jī yīn zǔ, rǎn sè tǐ zǔ genome 结核菌素皮下测试jié hé jūn sù pí xià cè shì tuberculin skin test (TST) 接种jīe zhǒng inoculation 接种疫苗jiē zhòng yì miáo vaccination 静脉内的; 静脉注射物 jìng mài nèi de; jìng mài zhù shè wù intravenous (IV) 静脉注射jìng maì zhù shè intravenous injection 静脉注射使用者是中国艾滋病主要人口jìng maì zhù shè shǐ yòng zhě shì zhōng guó ài zī bìng zhǔ yaò rén koǔ IV users constitute the largest proportion of HIV cases in China 静脉注射药物jìng maì zhù shè yaò wù intravenous (IV) drug 精神病jīng shén bìng psychiatric disorders 惊险的经济发展 jīng xiǎn de jīng jì fā zhǎn breakneck economic development 巨大的危险jù dà de wēi xiǎn titanic peril 卡波氏肉瘤kǎ bō shì ròu liú Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) 开矿kaī kuàng mine exploration 抗生素 kàng shēng sù antibiotic 抗体 kàng tǐ antibody 抗体媒介免疫 kàng tǐ méi jìe miǎn yì antibody-mediated immunity 抗原呈递 kàng yuán chéng dì antigen presentation 可归咎于 kě guī jiù yú be attributable to 劳动力流动 láo dòng lì liú dòng labor mobility 联合国艾滋病计划lián hé guó aì zī bìng jì huà U.N. AIDS program, the 联合国艾滋病特别大会lián hé guó aì zī bìng tè bié dà huì United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS 淋巴lín bā lymph 淋巴结 lín bā jié lymph nodes 淋病lín bìng gonorrhea 临床潜伏期lín chuáng qiǎn fú qī clinical latency 临床实验lín chuáng shí yàn clinical trial 流动人口liú dòng rén koǔ transient population 流行病líu xíng bìng epidemic 流行病学líu xíng bìng xué epidemiology 流行病学家liú xíng bìng xué jiā epidemiologist © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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Chinese/English AIDS Glossary 中英艾滋病词汇表 15乱交与婚前性关系 luàn jiāo yǔ hūn qián xìng guān xī casual and premarital sex 乱交,性乱行为luàn jiāo, xìng lùan xíng wéi promiscuity 毛泽东时代máo zé dōng shí daì Maoist era 梅毒méi dú syphilis 美国疾病控制预防中心 měi guó jī bìng kòng zhì yù fáng zhōng xīn CDC ( US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) 免疫反应miǎn yì fǎn yìng immune response 免疫疗法miǎn yì liáo fǎ immunotherapy 免疫缺乏miǎn yì qūe fá immunodeficiency 免疫缺陷miǎn yì qūe xìan immune deficiency 免疫系统miǎn yì xì tǒng immune system 免疫作用miǎn yì zuò yòng immunization 男女婴每年出生自然比率nán nǚ yīng měi nián chū shēng zì rán bǐ lǜ natural ratio of males to females born each year 男性继承人nán xìng jì chéng rén male heirs 脑膜炎nǎo mó yán meningitis 脑炎nǎo yán encephalitis 逆转录酶病毒nì zhuǎn lù méi bìng dú retrovirus 剖腹产 pāo fù chǎn cesarean 疱疹pào zhěn herpes 疱疹病毒pào zhěn bìng dú herpes viruses 皮条客pí tiáo kè pimp 皮下注射器pí xià zhù shè qì syringe 嫖客 piǎo kè john 平面广告 píng miàn guǎng gaò billboard 普遍的社会问题pǔ biàn de shè huì wèn tí pervasive social problem 潜伏期qiǎn fú qī incubation period 潜伏期qiǎn fú qī latency 求助于毒品qiú zhù yú dú pǐn to turn to drugs 全国或全世界流行的(疾病) quán guó huò quán shì jiè liú xíng de (jī bìng) pandemic 全球艾滋病感染最严重的国家 quán qiú aì zī bìng gǎn rǎn zuì yán zhòng de guó jiā world's most heavily HIV- infected nations 全球涵盖范围quán qiú hán gaì fàn wéi global coverage 全血球计数quán xuè qíu jì shù complete blood count (CBC) 染病的亚洲人 rǎn bìng de yà zhōu rén afflicted Asian HIV sufferers 染上愛滋病毒rǎn shàng ài zī bìng dú infected with HIV 人口多/稠密的 rén kǒu duō / chóu mì de populous © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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Chinese/English AIDS Glossary 中英艾滋病词汇表 16人类免疫缺陷病毒II 型 rén leì mǐan yì quē xiàn bìng dú èr xíng HIV-2 人类免疫缺陷病毒Ⅰ型rén leì mǐan yì quē xiàn bìng dú yī xíng HIV-1 人乳头状瘤病毒rén rǔ tóu zhuàng líu bìng dú human papilloma virus (HPV)日趋严重rì qū yán zhòng to be on the rise 沙门氏菌shā mén shì jūn salmonella 社会经济转变shè huì jīng jì zhuǎn biàn socioeconomic transformation社会问题shè huì wèn tí social ills 社区规划shè qū guī huà community planning 生殖道尖锐湿疣shēng zhí dào jiān ruì shī yóu genital warts 使恶化shǐ è huà exacerbate 失控shī kòng get out of hand 世界艾滋病日shì jiè ài zī bìng rì World AIDS Day 试验性质的,暂时的shì yàn xìng zhì de / zàn shí de tentative 受感染的血液shòu gǎn rǎn de xuè yè tainted blood 收入差距越來越大shōu rù chà jù yuè laí yuè dà growing income disparities 收视率 shōu shì lǜ viewing rate/ rating 输血 shū xuè blood transfusions 输血shū xuè transfusion 输血人 shū xuè rén blood donors 输血中心 shū xuè zhōng xīn blood Collection Center 双盲研究shuāng máng yán jiū double-blind study 水平传播shuǐ píng chuán bō horizontal transmission 死亡率sǐ wáng lǜ fatalities 随机比对临床试验suí jī bǐ duì lín chuáng shì yàn randomized trial 替代医学 tì dài yī xué alternative medicine T 辅助细胞 tì fǔ zhù xì bāo T4 cell T 淋巴细胞 tì lín bā xì bāo T cells 同性恋性交tóng xìng liàn xìng jiāo homosexual intercourse 推广保险套使用tuī guǎng bǎo xiǎn tào shǐ yòng promotion of condom use 脱氧核糖核酸tuō yǎng hé táng hé suān DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) 晚期wǎn qī end-stage disease 围产期传播wéi chǎn qī chuán bō perinatal transmission 卫生官员weì shēng guān yuán` health official © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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Chinese/English AIDS Glossary 中英艾滋病词汇表 17问题已经很严重了wèn tí yǐ jīng hěn yán zhòng le problem is already particularly acute 问题只会越来越严重wèn tí zhǐ huì yuè laí yuè yán zhòng problem will certainly get much worse before its gets any better 无效对照剂wú xiào duì zhào jì placebo 无预防措施之性交wú yù fáng cuò shī zhī xìng jiāo unprotected sex 吸毒者xī dú zhě drug takers 细菌 xì jūn bacterium 风俗习惯xí sú xí guàn social mores 現代化的利弊得失 xiàn daì huà de lì bì dé shī benefits and the costs of modernity 消费者至上主义、物质至上主义xiāo feì zhě zhì shàng zhǔ yì, wù zhì zhì shàng zhǔ yìconsumerism 酵母菌感染xiào mǔ jūn gǎn rǎn yeast infection 新陈代谢xīn chén dài xiè metabolism 性传染病xìng chuán rǎn bìng sexually transmitted disease (STD) 性工作者xìng gōng zuò zhě commercial sex work 性交xìng jiāo sexual intercourse 性能力最活跃的年纪xìng néng lì zuì huó yuè de nián jì in their most sexually active stages of life 血浆xuè jiāng plasma 血库xuè kù pool 血清xuè qīng serum 血清测试xuè qīng cè shì serologic test 血头 xuè toú blood heads 血小板xuè xiǎo bǎn platelets 血液传染病 xuè yè chuán rǎn bìng blood-borne diseases 血液中所含的病毒數量 xuè yè zhōng suǒ hán de bìng dú shù liàng viral burden 血友病 (人)xuè yǒu bìng (rén) hemophilia(c) 亚临床感染yà lín chuáng gǎn rǎn subclinical infection 严重 yán zhòng acute/ serious/ enormous 药品核准标示外使用yào pǐn hé zhǔn biāo shì wài shǐ yòng off-label use 药物抗性yào wù kàng xìng drug resistance 意见论文yì jiàn lùn wén position paper 疫苗 yì miáo vaccine 以母乳喂哺yǐ mǔ rǔ weì bǔ to breast-feed © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 
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Chinese/English AIDS Glossary 中英艾滋病词汇表 18异性恋的yì xìng liàn de heterosexual 异性恋者 yì xìng liàn zhě heterosexual population 衣原体yī yuán tǐ Chlamydia 抑制剂yì zhì jì integrase inhibitors 抑制剂yì zhì jì integrase inhibitors 抑制其蔓延yì zhì qí màn yán to contain the epidemic 隐瞒真实身份yǐn mán zhēn shí shēn fèn to mask a person's identity 影响很大yǐng xiǎng hěn dà enormous implications 有传染性的yǒu chuán rǎn xìng de infectious 有毒瘾者yǒu dú yǐn zhě junkie 预防教育yù fáng jiaò yù preventive education 与先前官方数据完全相反yǔ xiān qián guān fāng shù jù wán quán xiāng fǎn stands in entire contrast to previous official statistics 孕前咨询yùn qián zī xún preconception counseling 灾难的边缘zaī nàn de biān yuán on the brink of disasters 在世界艾滋病日zaì shì jiè ài zī bìng rì on World AIDS Day 在体内潜伏zaì tǐ neì qiǎn fú hole up in the body 再用针头与注射筒zaì yòng zhēn tóu yǔ zhù shè tǒng reuse of needles and syringes 赞赏zàn shǎng to praise 诊断zhěn duàn diagnosis 针灸 zhēn jiū acupuncture 症候群zhèng hòu qún syndrome 知情同意zhī qíng tóng yì informed consent 中国社会的组成zhōng guó shè huì de zǔ chéng makeup of Chinese society 中国政界 zhōng guó zhèng jiè Chinese officials 自身免疫作用 zì shēn miǎn yì zuò yòng autoimmunization © 2003 China AIDS Survey Monterey, California 

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